Negative Space

Negative space, (sometimes referred to as white space) is the space around and between the subject(s) of an image. Negative space may be most evident when the space around a subject, and not the subject itself, forms an interesting or artistically relevant shape, and such space is occasionally used to artistic effect as the “real” subject of an image. The use of negative space is a key element of artistic composition.

-Frame: The frame is the border that is all around the rest of the image.-
-Positive Space: The subject of the image. This is generally the item on which the camera is focused.
-Negative Space: The rest of the image. It is located between the positive space and the frame.

When many people go about composing an image, they concentrate their attention on the positive space. The negative space, gets very little thought. If it receives any consideration at all, it is more of an afterthought. This kind of approach can result in second-rate images. When correctly utilized, the negative space can serve two very important functions:
-It can help in defining what the positive space is all about. Basically, it helps to tell the story of the positive space.
-It can improve the positive space. Essentially, the negative space helps to make the positive space more noticeable.

Negative space is an effective technique if used properly. Use these techiniques to help you.
-Keen observation.
-Exclude the distracting elements in the scene to maintain simplicity.
-Attaining shallow depth of field to blur the background clutter and thus present the subject against the complimenting hues.
-Avoid including conflicting subjects, in fact try to be minimalist in your approach and focus on only one subject.
-Convey the emotions or sentiments.

 

Texture in Photography

We often want to create images with high impact and having texture in your images creates high impact, texture in photography also adds to our skills and composition and therefore makes us better photographers.
There are different types of texture photography. When photographing texture the light is an important part, think about utilizing side lighting to maximize the texture.
Details. With this type the detail of the texture is the main point. You could use macros shot, you need strong contrast to enhance the details.

Drama. You may find that the texture adds to the photo but not the most important part.

Contrast comes in two forms: tonal contrast and color contrast. Either one works well for texture photography.
Contrast within Texture (different types of texture).

and contrast with the background.

When using curves, it is very important to be aware that curves add emotional content to an image by affecting the mood of the image. Vertical lines can communicate moods of: stability, peace, or power. Horizontal lines tend to communicate a feeling of permanence or lack of change. Diagonal lines are best at making an image more dynamic or communicating a sense of action.

Play with angles and depth of field
A straight picture of a texture might be boring, so try to play with the angles. Open up the aperture of the lens to its maximum value, which will make the depth of field very shallow, shoot at an angle and see how you like it. Play with the depth of field by simply increasing the aperture value to a higher number.

Look for uniformity and/or straight lines. Repetition of patterns is what creates a uniform texture. Those patterns can be everything from curves to straight lines. While working with curves, circles and other shapes, try to locate the ones that look somewhat similar or the same.


Look for shapes and reflections. In some cases, you might find a pattern that resembles something – whether it is an everyday object or a living being. If you notice such resemblances anywhere. Still water or a mirror can also create stunning results with reflections.

Experiment more in post-processing
Don’t be afraid to straighten up and crop your photographs, if needed. In some cases, flipping your image vertically or horizontally might yield great results, so definitely experiment with that as well. Textures are not people or landscapes, so go ahead and add some more colours and saturation to make them look more colourful, vibrant and vivid. Eliminate imperfections by using the spot removal and clone tools and sharpen up the image. In texture photography, you can do everything from swapping colours to adding patterns and fake reflections.
I love texture in photography, but I find that a normally take macro/close ups of it, maybe I could have a go and try a different style of photographing texture, get out of my comfort zone?

 

Fill the Frame.

The Cross – Slight crop to achieve the composition I desired.

One of my favourite techniques is to fill the frame, that doesn´t mean I don´t like other techniques likenegative spacein photography but there is something special about this one. It means using a zoom lens, cropping in post processing or using your feet, your feet??? I have to walk? well yes, but how far depends on your situation with each photo you take, although there are times I recommend using a zoom lens, especially when it comes to wild animals, like lions, see below photo.

Couldn´t resist in leaving this one large. LOL . Believe it or not there is no crop on the lion photo, just a nice long zoom lens.

Filling the frame adds impact to the composition. You need to think more about the details. The sharpness of the photo, the reflections in the eyes, the mood of the photo.

Again, no crop, just used my feet to get in close for this photo.

If you are going to crop in post processing you should also consider what you will be doing with your image, as you won´t be able to print as large as if you have a full size image. So when you are in the process of taking the photo consider the final result.

The Lock – This was taken with a 50mm lens and then cropped

There will be times when a little background is visible, in which case think about it as you would any other composition.

I took this in studio conditions with artificial light and then cropped. The post processing was done in PS.

 

The sheep, I was lying down on the ground for this one, she looked at me attentively for a moment or two, enough to take this. no crop with this photo.